A pseudo-memory is a memory that is factually false, but is perceived as true by the person concerned. This has nothing to do with lying, i.e. the deliberate utterance of false events. Such pseudo-memories occur very often, every person is affected by them in the course of his life. It can also concern banal things, such as being firmly convinced that an object has been placed in a certain place, but then it is not there. This is not tragic, but simply due to small errors in the internal logic of the brain. Only if pseudo-memories occur in a higher degree or if they significantly interfere with living together, this should be investigated. Pseudo-memories can also occur under hypnosis. If the client tries to recall repressed contents during hypnosis, it can happen that false memories or complete fantasy scenarios are perceived as truthful.